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Home > Learning Materials > Entrepreneurial intentions

What are the psychological elements needed for entrepreneurship? Entrepreneurship, and more especially business start-ups in a foreign country, benefit from careful planning and premeditation. In other words, international entrepreneurship is an intentional behaviour. By identifying the elements related to entrepreneurship the entrepreneurs are able to boost their business activities.

The topics to be covered in this section include attitudes towards business venturing, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, risk-taking skills and creativity.

Attitudes towards business venturing Entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE)
Risk-taking and opportunity-seeking skills Creativity, motivationa and openness

Please, visit also the following case studies that illustrate the usage or the need for these skills:
    • Mrs. S - a portfolio entrepreneur from the Netherlands in Greece
    • Mr. R - a portfolio entrepreneur from Belgium in Finland
    • Dr. SH - a social entrepreneur from Hong Kong in the UK


Education and Culture Lifelong Learning Programme
© 2011 ELIE Project
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.